The UK and central Europe experienced a number of intense heatwaves this summer, with all-time records being broken in many places.
Across Europe the heat began to build at the start of summer, and by the last week of June local temperature records were being broken. France recorded an all-time record high temperature of 46 °C on 28th June during a 9 day heatwave.
Temperatures reached 47.3°C in Penrith, Sydney on Sunday 7th January – the hottest temperature in the region in 79 years, when the mercury previously reached 47.8°C.
Severe fire warnings were issued for the greater Sydney area and thousands of properties across New South Wales were left without electricity, partly because of the heat. England's batsmen also struggled on the hottest day on what was also record heat for a Test match in Australia.
According to data released by a US government agency, average global temperatures for June this year were the highest for that month since records began in 1880.