1. The lowest air temperature ever recorded on Earth amounts to -89.2 °C. It was registered at the Russian Vostok station in Antarctica on 21st July 1983. (Study by John Turner and others).
On 12th July, satellite data confirmed the ‘calving’ of a trillion-tonne, 5,800 km2 iceberg – one of the largest icebergs on record, more than a quarter the size of Wales - from the Larsen C ice shelf on the Antarctic peninsula.
Larsen C ice shelf - a floating mass of ice hundreds of metres thick which is attached to a huge, grounded ice sheet - is now 12% smaller in area than before the split and is at its lowest extent ever recorded, dramatically changing the Antarctic landscape. It follows previous collapses of Larsen A ice shelf in 1995 and Larsen B in 2002.